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Iran Facts

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Here you will find some useful and interesting facts about Iran plus some maps. You also have the option to follow the provided links on the right to see more of my (or others'!) photos and information on Iran.

 

 
Location:
 
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 5,440 km
border countries: Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan-proper 432 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km
 
Coastline :
 
2,440 km; note - Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km)
 
Terrain:
 
rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
 
Elevation Extremes :
 
lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m
 
Natural Resources :
 
petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
 
Natural Hazards :
 
periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes
 
Geography Note:
 
strategic location on the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz, which are vital maritime pathways for crude oil transport
 

 
Population:
 
69,018,924 (July 2004 est.)
 
Age Structure :
 
0-14 years: 28% (male 9,935,527; female 9,411,647)
15-64 years: 67.2% (male 23,608,621; female 22,744,128)
65 years and over: 4.8% (male 1,645,246; female 1,673,755) (2004 est.)
 
Population Growth Rate :
 
1.07% (2004 est.)
 
Birth Rate :
 
17.1 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
 
Dath Rate :
 
5.53 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
 
Sex Ratio :
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
 
Nationality :
 
noun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
 
Ethnic Groups :
 
Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
 
Religions :
 
Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2%
 
Languages :
 
Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
 
Literacy :
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.4%
male: 85.6%
female: 73% (2003 est.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ir-map.gif
Map of Iran

persianempire1.jpg
Map of the Persian Empire

persia092.jpg
Persian Empire and the Persian Royal Road

lionheadjjewel04.jpg
CLICK THE LINKS BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT IRAN

Iran the beauty, Iran the great

More Iran Photos!

Photos of Persepolis

More Photos of Persepolis 1

More Photos of Persepolis 2